Nonlinear dynamics of cilia and flagella.

@article{Hilfinger2009NonlinearDO,
  title={Nonlinear dynamics of cilia and flagella.},
  author={Andreas Hilfinger and Amit K. Chattopadhyay and Frank J{\"u}licher},
  journal={Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics},
  year={2009},
  volume={79 5 Pt 1},
  pages={
          051918
        }
}
Cilia and flagella are hairlike extensions of eukaryotic cells which generate oscillatory beat patterns that can propel micro-organisms and create fluid flows near cellular surfaces. The evolutionary highly conserved core of cilia and flagella consists of a cylindrical arrangement of nine microtubule doublets, called the axoneme. The axoneme is an actively bending structure whose motility results from the action of dynein motor proteins cross-linking microtubule doublets and generating stresses… 

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...

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