Noninvasive vagus nerve stimulation as treatment for trigeminal allodynia.


Implanted vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) has been used to treat seizures and depression. In this study, we explored the mechanism of action of noninvasive vagus nerve stimulation (nVNS) for the treatment of trigeminal allodynia. Rats were repeatedly infused with inflammatory mediators directly onto the dura, which led to chronic trigeminal allodynia… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2014.02.009


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