Noninvasive monitoring of carbon dioxide in infants and children with congenital heart disease: end-tidal versus transcutaneous techniques.

@article{Wilson2005NoninvasiveMO,
  title={Noninvasive monitoring of carbon dioxide in infants and children with congenital heart disease: end-tidal versus transcutaneous techniques.},
  author={John Wilson and Pierantonio Russo and Joanne Russo and Joseph Drew Tobias},
  journal={Journal of intensive care medicine},
  year={2005},
  volume={20 5},
  pages={291-5}
}
End-tidal CO2 (ET(CO2)) monitoring and transcutaneous (TC) CO2 monitoring were prospectively compared in 53 patients, 1 month to 16 years of age, with congenital heart disease (CHD). There were 32 patients with cyanotic CHD and 21 with acyanotic CHD. The TC-Pa(CO2) difference was 2 +/- 1 mm Hg and the ET-Pa(CO2) difference was 5 +/- 3 mm Hg (P < .0001). The TC-Pa(CO2) difference was < or = 2 mm Hg in 30 of 53 patients and < or = 5 mm Hg in 53 of 53 patients. The ET-Pa(CO2) difference was < or… CONTINUE READING

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