Noninvasive characterization of epicardial activation in humans with diverse atrial fibrillation patterns.


BACKGROUND Various mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF) have been demonstrated experimentally. Invasive methods to study these mechanisms in humans have limitations, precluding continuous mapping of both atria with sufficient resolution. In this article, we present continuous biatrial epicardial activation sequences of AF in humans using noninvasive… (More)
DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.945709


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