Nongenomic transmission across generations of maternal behavior and stress responses in the rat.

@article{Francis1999NongenomicTA,
  title={Nongenomic transmission across generations of maternal behavior and stress responses in the rat.},
  author={Darlene D. Francis and Josie Diorio and D Liu and Michael J. Meaney},
  journal={Science},
  year={1999},
  volume={286 5442},
  pages={
          1155-8
        }
}
In the rat, variations in maternal care appear to influence the development of behavioral and endocrine responses to stress in the offspring. The results of cross-fostering studies reported here provide evidence for (i) a causal relationship between maternal behavior and stress reactivity in the offspring and (ii) the transmission of such individual differences in maternal behavior from one generation of females to the next. Moreover, an environmental manipulation imposed during early… 
Variations in maternal care in infancy regulate the development of stress reactivity
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