Nonequilibrium antifreeze peptides and the recrystallization of ice.

@article{Knight1995NonequilibriumAP,
  title={Nonequilibrium antifreeze peptides and the recrystallization of ice.},
  author={Charles A. Knight and Dingyi Wen and Richard A. Laursen},
  journal={Cryobiology},
  year={1995},
  volume={32 1},
  pages={23-34}
}
Evidence is presented that the nonequilibrium antifreeze peptide (AFP) from winter flounder has a special ability to inhibit recrystallization in ice only when an appreciable amount of liquid is present, as is the case when the system contains salts and the temperature is not too low. In this circumstance the AFP binds to the ice surface at the ice-solution interfaces in grain boundaries, preventing migration of the solution and effectively immobilizing the boundaries. In the absence of liquid… CONTINUE READING