Nonequilibrium Equality for Free Energy Differences

@article{Jarzynski1997NonequilibriumEF,
  title={Nonequilibrium Equality for Free Energy Differences},
  author={C. Jarzynski},
  journal={Physical Review Letters},
  year={1997},
  volume={78},
  pages={2690-2693}
}
An expression is derived for the equilibrium free energy difference between two configurations of a system, in terms of an ensemble of finite-time measurements of the work performed in parametrically switching from one configuration to the other. Two well-known identities emerge as limiting cases of this result. 
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