Nondestructive Testing of Historic Structures

  title={Nondestructive Testing of Historic Structures},
  author={Richard A. Livingston},
  journal={Arch. Mus. Informatics},
  • R. Livingston
  • Published 1 September 1999
  • Materials Science
  • Arch. Mus. Informatics
Nondestructive testing (NDT) of historic structures can be used for architectural archaeology, structural stability analysis, or materials characterization. Four types of physical probes are available: sound, penetrating radiation, visible light, and electromagnetism. Each of these can be utilized in several ways. Additional options involve hybrid techniques that combine probe methods. Widespread application in architectural conservation depends upon overcoming institutional barriers including… 

Non‐destructive techniques for structural characterization of cultural heritage: A pilot case study

This work describes an approach for combining local and global non‐destructive techniques for the structural characterization and conservation assessment of cultural heritage buildings. An

Reliability assessment of the NDT results for the internal damage of marble specimens

The damage of either intact or notched marble beams under bending is studied with both destructive and non-destructive techniques, in an effort to assess the reliability of the non-destructive

Filling in the Blanks: Documenting Concealed Fabric and Deterioration in Existing Structures

The need to develop a highly accurate set of “as-found” condition documents presents a significant challenge in the practice of architecture for any project involving an existing building. For the

The Detection of Structure in Wood by X-Ray CT Imaging Technique

Medical computed tomography (CT) has been used in forestry science and the wood industry to explore the internal structures of trees in a non-destructive way. The wood material has great diversity in

A preliminary test on the feasibility of locating an iron restoration pin in a statue by measuring the TMF anomaly with a triaxial MEMS magnetometer

We made a model of a "restored arm" with a bioclastite cylindrical sample (height= 18 cm; diameter=10 cm) in which an iron pin (length= 9 cm; diameter= 5 mm) was inserted out of the sample axis and

Trends in computational intelligence applied in nuclear engineering and non-destructive examination techniques of nuclear units

Past activities have been focused on developing monitoring conditions and analysis techniques for nuclear units but recent activities have focused in implementing these methods and develop methods for the next generation of nuclear units.

Model development of a non-destructive coffee beans moisture content determination using a modified NIRS instrument

A method of non-destructively moisture content measurement of coffee beans is using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) which in general can be applied to determine chemical content of various organic




Though an underwater inspection of the timber piles supporting a bridge at Denton, Maryland, indicated reasonable soundness of the timber, the bridge failed. Laboratory tests indicated a substantial


It is noted that reliable nondestructive (NDT) methods now exist to measure the depth and integrity of deep foundations, locate delamination in concrete bridge decks, find voids beneath concrete

Experiments in Gothic structure

This fascinating study of the structural elements of Gothic cathedrals is written by an engineer who has spent the last 15 years applying analytical techniques of structural mechanics to Gothic

Strength of Old Wood Joists

Two nondestructive techniques are used to evaluate the strength of wood joists in an existing structure. The traditional visual grading and longitudinal stress wave approaches are employed, with the

CRC Handbook on Nondestructive Testing of Concrete

Surface Hardness Methods. Penetration Resistance Methods. Pullout Test. Breakoff Test Method. The Maturity Method. Resonant Frequency Methods. Pulse Velocity Methods. Combined Methods.


When dealing with conservation of existing buildings, the detection of damaged areas of the walls and the evaluation of the level of damage are needed before deciding on the type and extent of

Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology

the purpose of this meeting is to present new and current research which: shares an empirical methodology of observation and measurement; concerns interdisciplinary studies of art, archaeology,

A Survey of Archaeological Samples Dated in 1984

; A survey is given of archaelogical samples dated in 1986 at the Nordic Laboratory for Thermoluminescence Dating. A total of 36 samples were dated. The results were corrected for short-term fading


In this paper are described the measurements, carried out on a considerable number of ancient bronzes, using a portable radioisotope X-ray fluorescence (XRF) unit. This unit allows, in a