Nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and tobacco smoking.

  title={Nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and tobacco smoking.},
  author={S. S. Sohan Singh Hayreh and Jost Bruno Jonas and Miriam Bridget Zimmerman},
  volume={114 4},
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether tobacco smoking may be a risk factor for development of nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NA-AION). DESIGN Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS Six hundred twenty-four consecutive patients with NA-AION who fulfilled our inclusion criteria. METHODS All patients provided a detailed ocular, medical, and smoking history, and underwent a comprehensive ophthalmic evaluation. For data analysis, patients were divided into current, former, and never smokers. The… CONTINUE READING


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