Non-word repetition assesses phonological memory and is related to vocabulary development in 20- to 24-month-olds*

  title={Non-word repetition assesses phonological memory and is related to vocabulary development in 20- to 24-month-olds*},
  author={Erika Hoff and Cynthia Core and Kelly A. Bridges},
  journal={Journal of Child Language},
  pages={903 - 916}
ABSTRACT Two studies test the hypotheses that individual differences in phonological memory among children younger than two years can be assessed using a non-word repetition task (NWR) and that these differences are related to the children's rates of vocabulary development. NWR accuracy, real word repetition accuracy and productive vocabulary were assessed in 15 children between 1 ; 9 and 2 ; 0 in Study 1 and in 21 children between 1 ; 8 and 2 ; 0 in Study 2. In both studies, NWR accuracy was… 
Non-word repetition in 2-year-olds: Replication of an adapted paradigm and a useful methodological extension
This study tested 86 typically developing 2-year-olds and found relationships between NWR and both receptive and expressive vocabulary using a novel measure that controls for speech production by comparing contextually matched targets in RWR.
Nonword Repetition and Vocabulary Knowledge as Predictors of Children's Phonological and Semantic Word Learning.
  • S. Adlof, H. Patten
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR
  • 2017
The findings extend the results of past studies indicating that both nonword repetition skill and existing vocabulary knowledge are important for new word learning, but the relative influence of each predictor depends on the way word learning is measured.
Word and Nonword Repetition Abilities in Spanish Language: Longitudinal Evidence from Typically Developing and Late Talking Children
Significant effects for word status, word length, vocabulary level and time: words are repeated better than nonwords; one syllable items are easier to repeat than two and three syllable ones; the performance of late talking children is lower compared to typically developing children throughout the study; and repetition abilities improve longitudinally.
The relationship between nonword repetition, root and pattern effects, and vocabulary in Gulf Arabic speaking children
Nonword repetition has received great attention in the last three decades due to its ability to distinguish between the performance of children with language impairment and their typically developing
Phonological memory in young children who stutter.
Language exposure in bilingual toddlers: performance on nonword repetition and lexical tasks.
NWR and vocabulary were differently related to language exposure, and the underlying mechanisms of NWR at this age appeared mainly reliant on short-term processes, in contrast to long-term vocabulary knowledge.
Performance in Nonword Repetition Tasks among Mandarin- English Bilingual Children in Malaysia
The nonword repetition (NWR) task has been used to measure children’s expressive language skills, and it has been argued to have potential as an early language delay/ impairment detection tool as the
The relation between phonological and lexical development in French-speaking children
The findings are consistent with previous studies which show that ND plays an important role in accounting for variance in vocabulary size and indicate that phonetic complexity and phonological production influence lexical acquisition.


The influences of number of syllables and wordlikeness on children’s repetition of nonwords
ABSTRACT It has recently been suggested that the developmental association between nonword repetition performance and vocabulary knowledge reflects the contribution of phonological memory processes
Phonological working memory in very young children
By Gathercole, Susan E.; Adams, Anne-Marie Developmental Psychology. Vol 29(4), Jul 1993, 770-778. Abstract This study was designed to establish whether phonological working memory skills could be
Uses and interpretations of non-word repetition tasks in children with and without specific language impairments (SLI).
Because repetition accuracy depends on lexical and sublexical properties, the NRT can be used to examine the structural properties of the lexicon in both children with NL and with SLI, and is a powerful tool that can be use to identify children with language impairments.
Nonword repetition and young children's receptive vocabulary: A longitudinal study
  • J. Bowey
  • Psychology
    Applied Psycholinguistics
  • 2001
A longitudinal study investigated the claim that phonological memory contributes to vocabulary acquisition in young children. In the first phase, children were given tests of receptive vocabulary,
Nonword repetition and word learning: The nature of the relationship
This article presents a theoretical framework designed to accommodate core evidence that the abilities to repeat nonwords and to learn the phonological forms of new words are closely linked. Basic
Is the relation between phonological memory and foreign language learning accounted for by vocabulary acquisition?
ABSTRACT In an earlier study, Service (1992) found that phonological short-term memory, reflected in the ability to repeat English-sounding pseudowords, was a good predictor of learning English as a
Lexical exposure and word-form encoding in 1.5-year-olds.
  • D. Swingley
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Developmental psychology
  • 2007
The results provide evidence compatible with partial failure of phonological encoding at 19 months of age, demonstrate that this limitation in learning does not always hinder word recognition, and show the value of infants' word-form encoding in early lexical development.
The preschool repetition test: an evaluation of performance in typically developing and clinically referred children.
  • S. Chiat, P. Roy
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR
  • 2007
The PSRep Test differentiates within and between typical and clinic samples of children and reveals some unusual profiles within the clinic sample, which lays the foundations for a follow-up study of the clinic samples for investigation of the predictive value of the test.
Phonological development in lexically precocious 2-year-olds
To examine interactions between young children's vocabulary size and their phonological abilities, spontaneous language samples were collected from 24-month-olds with precocious lexicons, their age
The phonological loop as a language learning device.
It is proposed that the primary purpose for which the phonological loop evolved is to store unfamiliar sound patterns while more permanent memory records are being constructed, and its use in retaining sequences of familiar words is, it is argued, secondary.