Non-word repetition assesses phonological memory and is related to vocabulary development in 20- to 24-month-olds*

@article{Hoff2008NonwordRA,
  title={Non-word repetition assesses phonological memory and is related to vocabulary development in 20- to 24-month-olds*},
  author={Erika Hoff and Cynthia Core and Kelly A. Bridges},
  journal={Journal of Child Language},
  year={2008},
  volume={35},
  pages={903 - 916}
}
ABSTRACT Two studies test the hypotheses that individual differences in phonological memory among children younger than two years can be assessed using a non-word repetition task (NWR) and that these differences are related to the children's rates of vocabulary development. NWR accuracy, real word repetition accuracy and productive vocabulary were assessed in 15 children between 1 ; 9 and 2 ; 0 in Study 1 and in 21 children between 1 ; 8 and 2 ; 0 in Study 2. In both studies, NWR accuracy was… Expand
Non-word repetition in 2-year-olds: Replication of an adapted paradigm and a useful methodological extension
TLDR
This study tested 86 typically developing 2-year-olds and found relationships between NWR and both receptive and expressive vocabulary using a novel measure that controls for speech production by comparing contextually matched targets in RWR. Expand
Nonword Repetition and Vocabulary Knowledge as Predictors of Children's Phonological and Semantic Word Learning.
  • S. Adlof, H. Patten
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR
  • 2017
TLDR
The findings extend the results of past studies indicating that both nonword repetition skill and existing vocabulary knowledge are important for new word learning, but the relative influence of each predictor depends on the way word learning is measured. Expand
Word and Nonword Repetition Abilities in Spanish Language: Longitudinal Evidence from Typically Developing and Late Talking Children
TLDR
Significant effects for word status, word length, vocabulary level and time: words are repeated better than nonwords; one syllable items are easier to repeat than two and three syllable ones; the performance of late talking children is lower compared to typically developing children throughout the study; and repetition abilities improve longitudinally. Expand
The relationship between nonword repetition, root and pattern effects, and vocabulary in Gulf Arabic speaking children
Nonword repetition has received great attention in the last three decades due to its ability to distinguish between the performance of children with language impairment and their typically developingExpand
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TLDR
A computational model of NWR based on Chunking Lexical and Sub-lexical Sequences in Children (CLASSIC) is presented, suggesting that between the ages of two and six years, NWR performance measures the child's current level of linguistic knowledge that arises from their exposure to language over time and their ability to extract lexical phonological knowledge from that exposure. Expand
Phonological memory in young children who stutter.
TLDR
Findings indicate that young children who stutter may have sub-clinical differences in nonword repetition, and typically fluent children demonstrated strong correlations between phonological memory tasks and language measures, while children whoStutter did not. Expand
Language exposure in bilingual toddlers: performance on nonword repetition and lexical tasks.
TLDR
NWR and vocabulary were differently related to language exposure, and the underlying mechanisms of NWR at this age appeared mainly reliant on short-term processes, in contrast to long-term vocabulary knowledge. Expand
Performance in Nonword Repetition Tasks among Mandarin- English Bilingual Children in Malaysia
The nonword repetition (NWR) task has been used to measure children’s expressive language skills, and it has been argued to have potential as an early language delay/ impairment detection tool as theExpand
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TLDR
The findings are consistent with previous studies which show that ND plays an important role in accounting for variance in vocabulary size and indicate that phonetic complexity and phonological production influence lexical acquisition. Expand
Relations among language exposure, phonological memory, and language development in Spanish-English bilingually developing 2-year-olds.
TLDR
Phonological memory for English-like nonwords was highly correlated with that for Spanish-likeNonwords, and each was related to vocabulary and grammar in both languages, suggesting a language-general component to phonological memory skill. Expand
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