Non-viral transfection of goat germline stem cells by nucleofection results in production of transgenic sperm after germ cell transplantation.

  • W Zeng, L Tang, +11 authors Ina Dobrinski
  • Published 2012 in Molecular reproduction and development

Abstract

Germline stem cells (GSCs) can be used for large animal transgenesis, in which GSCs that are genetically manipulated in vitro are transplanted into a recipient testis to generate donor-derived transgenic sperm. The objectives of this study were to explore a non-viral approach for transgene delivery into goat GSCs and to investigate the efficiency of nucleofection in producing transgenic sperm. Four recipient goats received fractionated irradiation at 8 weeks of age to deplete endogenous GSCs. Germ cell transplantations were performed 8-9 weeks post-irradiation. Donor cells were collected from testes of 9-week-old goats, enriched for GSCs by Staput velocity sedimentation, and transfected by nucleofection with a transgene construct harboring the human growth hormone gene under the control of the goat beta-casein promoter (GBC) and a chicken beta-globin insulator (CBGI) sequence upstream of the promoter. For each recipient, transfected cells from 10 nucleofection reactions were pooled, mixed with non-transfected cells to a total of 1.5 × 10(8) cells in 3 ml, and transplanted into one testis (n = 4 recipients) by ultrasound-guided cannulation of the rete testis. The second testis of each recipient was removed. Semen was collected, starting at 9 months after transplantation, for a period of over a year (a total of 62 ejaculates from four recipients). Nested genomic PCR for hGH and CBGI sequences demonstrated that 31.3% ± 12.6% of ejaculates were positive for both hGH and CBGI. This study provides proof-of-concept that non-viral transfection (nucleofection) of primary goat germ cells followed by germ cell transplantation results in transgene transmission to sperm in recipient goats.

DOI: 10.1002/mrd.22014

Cite this paper

@article{Zeng2012NonviralTO, title={Non-viral transfection of goat germline stem cells by nucleofection results in production of transgenic sperm after germ cell transplantation.}, author={W Zeng and L Tang and Alla Bondareva and J Luo and Susan O Megee and Mark Modelski and Stephen Blash and David T. Melican and Margaret M. Destrempes and Susan A. Overton and William G. Gavin and S Ayres and Yann Echelard and Ina Dobrinski}, journal={Molecular reproduction and development}, year={2012}, volume={79 4}, pages={255-61} }