Non-symbolic arithmetic abilities and mathematics achievement in the first year of formal schooling

  title={Non-symbolic arithmetic abilities and mathematics achievement in the first year of formal schooling},
  author={Camilla K. Gilmore and Shannon E. McCarthy and Elizabeth S. Spelke},
Children take years to learn symbolic arithmetic. Nevertheless, non-human animals, human adults with no formal education, and human infants represent approximate number in arrays of objects and sequences of events, and they use these capacities to perform approximate addition and subtraction. Do children harness these abilities when they begin to learn school mathematics? In two experiments in different schools, kindergarten children from diverse backgrounds were tested on their non-symbolic… CONTINUE READING
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