Non-submerged ITI Bonefit implants (ITI Dental Implant System) were inserted in edentulous lower jaws of 46 patients. The patients were provided with either a fixed prosthesis or an overdenture, and has been followed during a 2-year-period. At the 1-year examination, the suprastructures were removed permitting test of the individual implant stability. Radiographic examinations were performed in connection with the loading of the implants and at the 1-year examination. In total 216 implants were inserted. 4 implants were lost before loading and 4 during the 2nd year of function, which gives a survival rate after 1 year 98% and after 2 years of 96%. The mean marginal bone loss during the first year of function was 0.1 mm. However, the marginal bone changes had a high degree of variation and four implants showed a severe bone loss. The intention is to follow this patient group with annual examinations during 5 years.