Non-medicamenous methods for the treatment of metabolic syndrome (MS) are discussed. Diagnosis of MS is a priority problem of modern medicine and healthcare because of its important role in pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes, essential hypertension, and atherosclerosis complicated by coronary heart disease, i.e. major causes of mortality worldwide. Non-medicamentous treatment permits to diminish the total amount of pharmaceuticals prescribed to the patients and to improve the overall result of drug therapy. These methods include remedial gymnastics, physiotherapy, reflexotherapy, balneological treatment, and psychotherapy. Different modalities of non-medicamentous therapy are considered with special reference to the methods for lowering body weight as an earliest and most dangerous manifestation of MS. Indications and contraindications to the use of concrete therapeutic modalities are described.