Non-invasive diagnosis of bladder instability using the Bladder Instability Discriminant Index (BIDI).


The purpose of this study was to validate prospectively the BIDI index in the non-invasive diagnosis of bladder instability, as a procedure for clinical evaluation in primary health care of women. 217 patients were studied; 82 with stress incontinence, 39 with urge incontinence and 96 with both symptoms. All patients were studied by specialist physicians… (More)


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