Non-equilibrium critical phenomena and phase transitions into absorbing states

  title={Non-equilibrium critical phenomena and phase transitions into absorbing states},
  author={Haye Hinrichsen},
  journal={Advances in Physics},
  pages={815 - 958}
This review addresses recent developments in non-equilibrium statistical physics. Focusing on phase transitions from fluctuating phases into absorbing states, the universality class of directed percolation is investigated in detail. The survey gives a general introduction to various lattice models of directed percolation and studies their scaling properties, field-theoretic aspects, numerical techniques, as well as possible experimental realizations. In addition, several examples of absorbing… 
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One of the models exhibiting a continuous phase transition from an active state to an absorbing state in which the system is trapped is used to illustrate how finite-size scaling concepts may be used to enhance computer-simulation studies of the critical behavior.
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