Non-diabetic chronic kidney disease influences retinal microvasculature.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by increased cerebrovascular risk. Retinal vessel analysis (RVA) is an accepted measure of the retinal microvasculature, mirrors hypertension and cardiovascular morbidity. Epidemiological studies demonstrate narrower retinal arterioles with declining renal function. The effect of CKD on the retinal… (More)
DOI: 10.1159/000264650

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