Non-carcinogenic effects of TCDD in animals

@article{Birnbaum2000NoncarcinogenicEO,
  title={Non-carcinogenic effects of TCDD in animals},
  author={Linda S. Birnbaum and Jouko Tuomisto},
  journal={Food Additives \& Contaminants},
  year={2000},
  volume={17},
  pages={275 - 288}
}
Exposure to TCDD and related chemicals leads to a plethora of effects in multiple species, tissues, and stages of development. Responses range from relatively simple biochemical alterations through overtly toxic responses, including lethality. The spectrum of effects shows some species variability, but many effects are seen in multiple wildlife, domestic, and laboratory species, ranging from fish through birds and mammals. The same responses can be generated regardless of the route of exposure… 

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