Non-Union in Upper Limb Fractures - Clinical Evaluation and Treatment Options.

@article{Neumann2016NonUnionIU,
  title={Non-Union in Upper Limb Fractures - Clinical Evaluation and Treatment Options.},
  author={Mirjam V. Neumann and J{\"o}rn Zwingmann and Mateusz Jaeger and Thorsten Oliver Hammer and Norbert Paul S{\"u}dkamp},
  journal={Acta chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Cechoslovaca},
  year={2016},
  volume={83 4},
  pages={
          223-230
        }
}
Although non-unions in the upper limb are rare different treatment options of this challenging situation are still affected with up to 20% of failure rate due to current literature. Risk factors for delayed and non-union of fractures are mainly the size of the fracture gap and bone loss of open fractures or in primary surgery followed by other relevant internal and external factors. In the upper limb non-unions of long bones are described with up to 30% after operative intervention. Especially… CONTINUE READING