Non-Contrast Enhanced Renal Angiography Using Multiple Inversion Recovery and Steady-State Free Precession

Abstract

Introduction: Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is a well-known cause of renal hypertension and can lead to chronic kidney failure. The recent connection between gadolinium contrast agents and nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) has prompted renewed interest in non-contrast enhanced MR angiography (NCE MRA) for the diagnosis of RAS, most notably methods based on… (More)

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