Non-Cigarette Tobacco and the Lung

  title={Non-Cigarette Tobacco and the Lung},
  author={Michael Schivo and Mark Avdalovic and S. P. Murin},
  journal={Clinical Reviews in Allergy \& Immunology},
Cigarette smoking is known to cause a wide range of damaging health outcomes; however, the effects of non-cigarette tobacco products are either unknown or perceived as less harmful than cigarettes. Smokeless tobacco, cigar smoking, and waterpipe smoking have increased in usage over the past few decades. Some experts believe that their use is reaching epidemic proportions. Factors such as a perception of harm reduction, targeted advertising, and unrecognized addiction may drive the increased… 
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