Non‐pharmacological biological treatment approaches to difficult‐to‐treat depression

  title={Non‐pharmacological biological treatment approaches to difficult‐to‐treat depression},
  author={Paul B. Fitzgerald},
  journal={Medical Journal of Australia},
  • P. Fitzgerald
  • Published 1 October 2012
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Medical Journal of Australia
There has been substantial recent interest in novel brain stimulation treatments for difficult‐to‐treat depression. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a well established, effective treatment for severe depression. ECT's problematic side‐effect profile and questions regarding optimal administration methods continue to be investigated. Magnetic seizure therapy, although very early in development, shows promise, with potentially similar efficacy to ECT but fewer side effects. Vagus nerve… 

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