Non‐contrast enhanced MR angiography: Physical principles

@article{Wheaton2012NoncontrastEM,
  title={Non‐contrast enhanced MR angiography: Physical principles},
  author={Andrew J Wheaton and Mitsue Miyazaki},
  journal={Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging},
  year={2012},
  volume={36}
}
Noncontrast‐enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (NCE‐MRA) methods have been demonstrated in anatomies throughout the body. Previously established NCE‐MRA techniques suffered from long scan times or low sensitivity. Advances in hardware and software have made NCE‐MRA scan times clinically feasible. Recent concerns over the safety of gadolinium‐based contrast material combined with the expense of the material and its administration have generated a demand for NCE‐MRA. In response, several new… 

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