Nomograms for predicting local recurrence, distant metastases, and overall survival for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer on the basis of European randomized clinical trials.

@article{Valentini2011NomogramsFP,
  title={Nomograms for predicting local recurrence, distant metastases, and overall survival for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer on the basis of European randomized clinical trials.},
  author={Vincenzo Valentini and Ruud G van Stiphout and Guido Lammering and Maria Antonietta Gambacorta and Maria Cristina Barba and Marek Bębenek and Franck Bonnetain and Jean François Bosset and Krzysztof Bujko and Luca Cionini and Jean Pierre G{\'e}rard and Claus R{\"o}del and Aldo Sainato and Rolf Sauer and Bruce D. Minsky and Laurence Collette and Philippe Lambin},
  journal={Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology},
  year={2011},
  volume={29 23},
  pages={
          3163-72
        }
}
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to develop accurate models and nomograms to predict local recurrence, distant metastases, and survival for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer treated with long-course chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by surgery and to allow for a selection of patients who may benefit most from postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and close follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS All data (N = 2,795) from five major European clinical trials for rectal cancer were pooled… 

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