Noise exposure levels from personal stereo use Nivel de expositión a ruido por el uso de estéreos personales

  title={Noise exposure levels from personal stereo use Nivel de expositi{\'o}n a ruido por el uso de est{\'e}reos personales},
  author={Warwick Williams},
  journal={International Journal of Audiology},
  pages={231 - 236}
  • W. Williams
  • Published 1 April 2005
  • Medicine
  • International Journal of Audiology
Hearing healthcare professionals often express concern about the possible increased risk of noise injury, and potential for subsequent hearing loss that may result from the rise in the use of personal stereo players (PSP) in the community. Measurements were made of a sample of 55 individuals who were using a PSP as part of their daily activity, for example commuting to work, in what could be considered noisy backgrounds. Thus measurements could be considered to exemplify the worst-case… 
Trends in listening to personal stereos
  • W. Williams
  • Psychology, Medicine
    International journal of audiology
  • 2009
Abstract Long term use of personal stereo players (PSP) is now established as a potential risk to hearing health if exposure levels are not maintained at what are accepted as safe levels. Comparison
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Currently there has been and is a lot of discussion generated by articles in the popular press concerning the possible future hearing loss developed by individuals who listen to personal stereo
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Two standard measurement protocols are compared for the measurement of preferred listening levels of PLD and seven subjects were found to be listening at levels above 85 dBA based on measurements obtained in the KEMAR and then compensated for diffuse-field equivalence.
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Using a manikin, equivalent free-field sound pressure level measurements were made from the portable digital audio players of 219 subjects, aged 10 to 17 years (93 males) at their typical and
Occupational Exposures to Noise Resulting from the Workplace Use of Personal Media Players at a Manufacturing Facility
The contribution of PMP use to overall noise exposures was substantially less amongHBNE workers than LBNE workers due to the disproportionate selection of noise-attenuating headsets among HBNE workers compared withLBNE workers.
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The results underline the importance of placing PLD exposure in the context of individuals' wider noise exposure, and suggest that messages should focus on either volume levels or durations depending on the particular activity in which the PLD is used.
Noise exposure estimates of urban MP3 player users.
The majority of PLD users exceeded recommended sound exposure limits, suggesting that they were at increased risk for noise-induced hearing loss.


The prevalence and type of social noise exposure in young adults in England.
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The legislature ought to set limits for sound levels in discos, concert halls and for music equipment and toys by establishing the necessary standards and regulations to protect children, young people and adults.
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  • C. Meyer-Bisch
  • Physics
    Audiology : official organ of the International Society of Audiology
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Measures to conserve young people's hearing must include a reduction of sound levels, the education of music and entertainment professionals, and making PCP users better informed.
Personal cassette players ('Walkman'). Do they cause noise-induced hearing loss?
It is concluded that the risk of acquiring permanent noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) from use of PCP is very small for what is found to be normal listening conditions.
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Routine nonoccupational noise exposures contributed much less to total noise dose than occupational exposures in the subjects evaluated, and the difference was statistically significant.
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The data do not support the view that there is wide‐spread hearing loss caused by exposure to amplified music in young people under the age of 21 years, but the accumulated exposure of some of them to noise is such that, if their recreational patterns remain the same, they are at risk of some noise‐induced hearing loss by their mid‐twenties.
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To assess the effects of use of personal stereo systems on hearing by means of the objective measure of transient‐evoked otoacoustic emissions, a large number of stereo systems are used.