Noise and Vigilance: An Evaluative Review

  title={Noise and Vigilance: An Evaluative Review},
  author={Harry S. Koelega and John A. Brinkman},
  journal={Human Factors: The Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society},
  pages={465 - 481}
  • H. S. Koelega, J. Brinkman
  • Published 1 August 1986
  • Psychology
  • Human Factors: The Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
The literature on the effects of noise on monitoring performance shows a disappointing lack of consistency in results. The hypothesis of the present study was that task classification in terms of demands made on the observer should reconcile conflicting findings so that generalizations could be made. Therefore, a study was made of the effects of intermittent or variable noise on vigilance experiments with similar task demands. Twenty-one sensory vigilance studies, selected from 98 visual… 
No Effect of Noise on Vigilance Performance?
A detailed analysis demonstrated a facilitatory effect of the noise stimuli, which may be explained in terms of orienting reaction theory, and suggested that the usual way of analyzing data from vigilance experiments may veil the effects of independent variables, such as noise.
Exploring Sex Differences in Vigilance Performance with Knowledge of Results
Vigilance, also referred to as sustained attention, is the ability to maintain attention for extended periods of time while monitoring for, oftentimes, critical signals. In attempt to aid performance
Vigilance Performance: A Review of Electrodermal Predictors
A detailed analysis of electrodermal predictors, used in vigilance studies, suggests that slow habituators display a high over-all level of performance, regardless of task demands and modality. A
Extraversion and vigilance performance: 30 years of inconsistencies.
A meta-analysis revealed better performance of introverts, but the effect size was small and a trend was noted to move to new problems before solving old ones, and the relationship of E-I to electrodermal speed of habituation was discussed.
Effects of Aircraft Noise on Vigilance Performance and Perceived Workload
This study examined the effects of exposure to intermittent jet aircraft noise played through stereophonic speakers (70dBA or 95dBA maximum intensity) on performance efficiency and perceived workload
Benzodiazepines and vigilance performance: a review
There is no evidence that benzodiazepines aggravate the vigilance decrement occurring under normal conditions, and it is unlikely that impairments in vigilance are simply a byproduct of global, sedative effects, but there is uncertainty regarding measures of general sedation.
Processing Demands, Effort, and Individual Differences in Four Different Vigilance Tasks
In an attempt to specify the limiting conditions of the taxonomy of vigilance tasks, four tasks differing in memory load and in stimuli employed (sensory or cognitive) were compared. Electrodermal
The Effect of Noise Exposure on Cognitive Performance and Brain Activity Patterns
The application of new indicators, including brain signal analysis and power spectral density analysis, is strongly recommended in the assessment of cognitive performance during noise exposure, revealing that mental workload and visual/auditory attention is significantly reduced when the participants are exposed to noise at 95 dBA level.
Computerized assessment of sustained attention: interactive effects of task demand, noise, and anxiety.
  • J. C. Ballard
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology
  • 1996
The variety of direct and interactive effects on vigilance performance underscore the need for clinicians to use a variety of measures to assess attentional skills, to avoid diagnosis of attention deficits on the basis of a single computerized task performance, and to rule out anxiety and other contributors to poor vigilance task performance.


Effect of Differential Levels of Ambient Noise on Vigilance Performance
The results of this study indicate that the intensity level of ambient white noise has no significant effect upon vigilance performance and no significant interactions between noise levels and time-on-task.
The present state of research on the effects of noise: are we asking the right questions?
  • M. Loeb
  • Psychology
    The Journal of auditory research
  • 1981
It was concluded that it is necessary to consider complex interactions of the effects of noise with task difficulty and task proficiency of the subject, personality of theSubject, time of day, food and drug ingestion, and the meaning of the noise and the previous exposure of thesubject to it, whether it represents a threat or interference with work or reaction, or is in fact interesting and enjoyable.
Maintenance of Vigilance by Programmed Noise
This research was designed to compare the relative effect of three environmental conditions on the performance of a simple vigilance task and indicates that the probability of signal detection is higher for the variable noise condition than for the constant noise and quiet conditions.
Varied auditory stimulation, temperament differences and vigilance performance.
Three experiments are described which investigate the effects of varied auditory stimulation (VAS) on the visual vigilance performance of relatively introverted and relatively extraverted subjects
Attentuation of the Vigilance Decrement through Stimulation in a Second Modality1
The results indicated optimum performance for condition (1) with conditions (2) and (3) following in that order and confirming that the vigilance decrement can be attenuated to a significant degree when random auditory stimulation is provided.
Effects of moderate intensity noise on the Bakan vigilance task.
Noise may produce impairment at levels lower than previously thought in vigilance tasks with possible involvement of subvocal speech, and this implication is that noise may be viewed as undesirable because of risk to hearing.
On the Analysis and Interpretation of Vigilance: Some Remarks on Two Recent Articles by Craig
It is argued that a probability-matching model is appropriate for explaining the “vigilance decrement” with time on task and that there are changes within and across sessions which may not be explained in these terms.
Effects of Environmental Variation on Arousal during Vigilance Performance
No support was found for the prediction from arousal theory that environmental variation enhances vigilance performance by maintaining a general state of arousal and correlations among arousal and probability of detection in the vigilance task were in general low and insignificant.
Performance Effects of Noise Intensity, Psychological Set, and Task Type and complexity
The only significant main effect of noise was a facilitation of tracking performance, and there were several significant interactions of noise with the other independent variables.
Psychological Processes in Sustained Attention
Behavior in a vigilance task can be viewed within the framework of several task-relevant stages. These include (1) storage of background information, (2) selection of stimulation and the operation of