• Corpus ID: 226222205

Nocturnality, seasonality and the SARS-CoV-2 Ecological Niche

  title={Nocturnality, seasonality and the SARS-CoV-2 Ecological Niche},
  author={Geraldine Finlayson and Stewart Finlayson and C. Finlayson and Keith Bensusan and Rhian Guillem and Tyson Lee Holmes and Francisco Giles-Guzm{\'a}n and Jos'e S. Carri'on and Crist{\'o}bal Belda and Lawrence Sawchuk The Gibraltar National Museum and Gibraltar and Department of Astrophysical Sciences and Liverpool John Moores University and United Kingdom. and Institute of Life and Earth Sciences and The University of Gibraltar and Anglia Ruskin University and Cambridge and Department of Astrophysical Sciences and University of Toronto Scarborough and Canada. and Gibraltar Botanic Gardens and Departamento de Biolog{\'i}a and Universidad de Murcia and Spain. and Instituto de Salud Carlos and Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovaci'on and Spain.},
  journal={arXiv: Populations and Evolution},
Understanding the behaviour of hosts of SARS-CoV-2 is crucial to our understanding of the virus. A comparison of environmental features related to the incidence of SARS-CoV-2 with those of its potential hosts is critical. We examine the distribution of coronaviruses among bats. We analyse the distribution of SARS-CoV-2 in a nine-week period following lockdown in Italy, Spain, and Australia. We correlate its incidence with environmental variables particularly ultraviolet radiation, temperature… 

Figures and Tables from this paper



Spread of SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus likely to be constrained by climate

An ensemble of 200 ecological niche models is developed to project monthly variation in climate suitability for spread of SARS-CoV-2 throughout a typical climatological year.

Evolutionary origins of the SARS-CoV-2 sarbecovirus lineage responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic

Estimates are obtained from three approaches that the most likely divergence date of SARS-CoV-2 from its most closely related available bat sequences ranges from 1948 to 1982, indicating that there are high levels of co-infection in horseshoe bats and that the viral pool can generate novel allele combinations and substantial genetic diversity.

Origin and cross-species transmission of bat coronaviruses in China

It is found that host-switching was more frequent and across more distantly related host taxa in alpha-than beta-CoVs, and more highly constrained by phylogenetic distance for beta- coV, and it is shown that inter-family and -genus switching is most common in Rhinolophidae and the genus Rhinolia.

Evolutionary Insights into the Ecology of Coronaviruses

The results indicate that diverse coronaviruses are endemic in different bat species, with repeated introductions to other animals and occasional establishment in other species, and suggest that bats are likely the natural hosts for all presently known coronavirus lineages.

Roles of meteorological conditions in COVID-19 transmission on a worldwide scale

Using Chinese cities as a discovery dataset, the meteorological model could well predict the outbreak around the world with a high correlation with the real data and predicted the possible epidemic situation in the future 12 days in several high-latitude cities with potential outbreak.

On the global trends and spread of the COVID-19 outbreak: preliminary assessment of the potential relation between location-specific temperature and UV index

There is an optimum range of temperature and UV index strongly affecting the spread and survival of the virus, whereas precipitation, relative humidity, cloud cover, etc. have no effect on the virus.

The macroecology of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Anthropocene

It is demonstrated that the characteristics of the human population and high mobility, but not population density, may help explain the global spread of the coronavirus, and suggests that COVID-19 may be a new civilisation disease affecting rich economies.