Corpus ID: 23097712

Nocturnal leg cramps.

@article{Allen2012NocturnalLC,
  title={Nocturnal leg cramps.},
  author={Richard E. Allen and Karl A. Kirby},
  journal={American family physician},
  year={2012},
  volume={86 4},
  pages={
          350-5
        }
}
Up to 60 percent of adults report that they have had nocturnal leg cramps. The recurrent, painful tightening usually occurs in the calf muscles and can cause severe insomnia. The exact mechanism is unknown, but the cramps are probably caused by muscle fatigue and nerve dysfunction rather than electrolyte or other abnormalities. Nocturnal leg cramps are associated with vascular disease, lumbar canal stenosis, cirrhosis, hemodialysis, pregnancy, and other medical conditions. Medications that are… Expand

Paper Mentions

Differentiating nocturnal leg cramps and restless legs
TLDR
The pathopysiology of each entity and their diagnosis as well as treatment are reviewed and the two conditions are compared to appreciate the differences and similarities. Expand
Restless legs syndrome and nocturnal leg cramps: a review and guide to diagnosis and treatment.
TLDR
A comprehensive assessment of RLS and NLC is provided with a focus on improved diagnostic accuracy and treatment approaches with the currently incomplete understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying these conditions. Expand
Leg discomfort: beyond the joints.
  • D. Berger
  • Medicine
  • The Medical clinics of North America
  • 2014
TLDR
Restless legs syndrome causes nocturnal discomfort but must be distinguished from confounding“mimics. Expand
Criteria in diagnosing nocturnal leg cramps
Background: Up to 33% of the general population over 50 years of age are affected by nocturnal leg cramps. Currently there are no generally accepted clinical characteristics, which identify nocturnalExpand
Sleep-Related Leg Cramps: A Review and Suggestions for Future Research.
TLDR
Various medications and behavioral treatments for sleep-related leg cramps have been tried, but the quality of the evidence is low and more research into behavioral treatments is needed. Expand
Criteria in diagnosing nocturnal leg
Background: Up to 33% of the general population over 50 years of age are affected by nocturnal leg cramps. Currently there are no generally accepted clinical characteristics, which identify nocturnalExpand
Active Nutrient acute and active for the prevention of calf muscle cramps
TLDR
The first results bring to an optimistic evaluation to prevent cramps by the intake of sodium citrate and sodium carbonate, which has to be affirmed in a controlled clinical trial. Expand
A prospective observational study of the main features of nocturnal leg cramps in primary care.
TLDR
Investigating the main characteristics of nocturnal leg cramps occurring over a two-week period in patients visiting primary care physicians found that older age and previous cramp treatment were associated with more cramps per day, while the use of magnesium and/or psychotropic drugs was associated with fewer cramps. Expand
Impact of exercise training on fatigue, severity of nocturnal leg cramps, and sleep quality in chronic venous insufficiency
TLDR
Exercise training reduces the severity of nocturnal leg cramps and leg fatigue and improves sleep quality and a regular exercise program can be a useful alternative treatment for the management of CVI symptoms. Expand
Effect of Magnesium Oxide Supplementation on Nocturnal Leg Cramps: A Randomized Clinical Trial
TLDR
The decrease in the mean number of NLC per week, from the screening to the treatment phase in both groups, is probably a placebo effect that may explain the wide use of magnesium for NLC. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 34 REFERENCES
Nocturnal leg muscle cramps.
TLDR
Nocturnal leg muscle cramping is to be sharply differentiated from leg cramps that occur from exercise such as walking or running, which can indicate an underlying pathologic process such as the claudication of peripheral vascular insufficiency or the "pseudoclaudication" of radiculopathy, especially secondary to lumbar spinal stenosis. Expand
Nocturnal Leg Cramps
TLDR
The epidemiology, pathophysiology, and risk factors are reviewed and the salient features of the diagnosis and workup are discussed and the wide array of behavioral and pharmacologic treatments that have been studied for nocturnal leg cramps are reviewed. Expand
Nocturnal leg cramps in children: incidence and clinical characteristics.
TLDR
It is concluded that nocturnal leg cramps are common in children aged > 12 years, and a majority of the affected children have leg cramp 1 to 4 times per year, which are usually unilateral and occur when the children are asleep. Expand
Nocturnal Leg Cramps: A Common Complaint in Patients With Lumbar Spinal Canal Stenosis
TLDR
LCS patients had significantly more frequent attacks of nocturnal leg cramp attacks than the control population, and leg cramps disturbed the quality of the patients’ life, and they rarely improved after decompression surgery. Expand
Leg cramps in the elderly: prevalence, drug and disease associations.
TLDR
Leg cramps were strongly associated with peripheral vascular disease, and except for a causal association with analgesic use, no positive association could be shown with any other class of drugs, including diuretics. Expand
Managing nocturnal leg cramps--calf-stretching exercises and cessation of quinine treatment: a factorial randomised controlled trial.
  • R. Coppin, D. Wicke, P. Little
  • Medicine
  • The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
  • 2005
TLDR
Calf-stretching exercises are not effective in reducing the frequency or severity of night cramps, and advising those on long-term repeat prescriptions to try stopping quinine temporarily will result in no major problems for patients, and allow a significant number to stop medication. Expand
The cause of leg cramps and knee pains: an hypothesis and effective treatment.
TLDR
These maladies are named the "stiff leg syndrome" and hypothesise that they are caused by muscle and tendon shortening which came about as a direct result of modern civilization; the popular practice of squatting close to the ground to defecate, cook and eat was replaced by a more "civilized" practice of sitting high on toilets and chairs. Expand
Stretching before sleep reduces the frequency and severity of nocturnal leg cramps in older adults: a randomised trial.
TLDR
Nightly stretching before going to sleep reduces the frequency and severity of nocturnal leg cramps in older adults. Expand
Nocturnal leg cramps and prescription use that precedes them: a sequence symmetry analysis.
TLDR
Cramp treatment was substantially more likely in the year following introduction of LABAs, potassium-sparing diuretic, or thiazidelike diuretics, and 60.3% of quinine users (individuals experiencing cramp) received at least 1 of these medications during a 13-year period. Expand
The effect of magnesium infusion on rest cramps: randomized controlled trial.
TLDR
Intravenous magnesium infusion did not reduce the frequency of leg cramps in a group of older adult rest cramp sufferers regardless of the extent to which infused magnesium was retained, suggesting that magnesium therapy is not indicated for the treatment of rest cramping in a geriatric population. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...