Nocturnal Vision and Landmark Orientation in a Tropical Halictid Bee

@article{Warrant2004NocturnalVA,
  title={Nocturnal Vision and Landmark Orientation in a Tropical Halictid Bee},
  author={Eric J Warrant and Almut Kelber and Anna Gisl{\'e}n and Birgit Greiner and Willi A. Ribi and William T. Wcislo},
  journal={Current Biology},
  year={2004},
  volume={14},
  pages={1309-1318}
}
BACKGROUND Some bees and wasps have evolved nocturnal behavior, presumably to exploit night-flowering plants or avoid predators. Like their day-active relatives, they have apposition compound eyes, a design usually found in diurnal insects. The insensitive optics of apposition eyes are not well suited for nocturnal vision. How well then do nocturnal bees and wasps see? What optical and neural adaptations have they evolved for nocturnal vision? RESULTS We studied female tropical nocturnal… CONTINUE READING