Noah’s arks in the XXI century. A typology of seed banks

  title={Noah’s arks in the XXI century. A typology of seed banks},
  author={Pablo A. Pellegrini and Balatti Galo},
  journal={Biodiversity and Conservation},
In recent decades, seed banks have spread out worldwide as essential institutions for biodiversity preservation, like new Noah’s arks. However, little is known about the diversity of practices that are involved in them. The aim of this study is to reconstruct the dynamics of operation of the different seed banks, developing a typology of them worth providing. As sources for that aim, in-depth interviews to seed banks referents, documents and other materials related to seed banks have been used… 
Making Post/Anthropocentric Futures in Agrobiodiversity Conservation
Since the mid-twentieth century global modernization of agriculture, seed banking has become a core technoscientific strategy to counteract agrobiodiversity loss and ensure future food security.
Ex situ conservation of threatened plants in Brazil: a strategic plan to achieve Target 8 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation
Abstract With increasing rates of habitat destruction and species loss, ex situ conservation is gaining global momentum and reluctance in relying on ex situ conservation is rapidly giving way to a
Crop Diversity Management System Commons: Revisiting the Role of Genebanks in the Network of Crop Diversity Actors
This paper rethinks the governance of genebanks in a social and political context that has significantly evolved since their establishment. The theoretical basis for the paper is the commons
Conservación de semillas: Una alternativa inmediata para almacenar germoplasma forestal y recuperar los bosques secos amenazados del Ecuador
Based on the characteristics of seeds, it is determined that approximately 90% of the forest species could be conserved ex situ in the long term, which would be critical in regions where protected areas do not cover the most highly endangered species.
An informational view of accession rarity and allele specificity in germplasm banks for management and conservation
This work offers an integrated view of accessions and marker data in an information theory framework, and shows it to be superior for average divergence and rarity, mean genetic distance and diversity.
Common Vetch, Valuable Germplasm for Resilient Agriculture: Genetic Characterization and Spanish Core Collection Development
A vetch core collection (VCC) containing 47 V. sativa accessions of Spanish origin has been established, and this VCC presents a minimum loss of genetic diversity concerning the total collection and constitutes an invaluable material that can be used in future breeding programs for direct use in a resilient agricultural system.
Genebank Operation in the Arena of Access and Benefit-Sharing Policies
To prevent a further decrease in access to PGRFA, complexity must be fought and the ITPGRFA's Multilateral System of Access and Benefit-Sharing should be improved and better monitored.


Svalbard Global Seed Vault: a ‘Noah's Ark’ for the world's seeds
News about Norway's plans to establish a ‘doomsday vault’ for seeds in the permafrost of the Artic archipelago of Svalbard as a back-up for conventional gene banks reached the world press in 2006.
The Conservation of Wild Plant Species in Seed Banks
This article focuses on seed banks as tools for the conservation of wild plant species, as opposed to plant species having direct, explicit use to humans (e.g., crops, pasture species, trees, and medicinal plants).
The Agricultural Revolution in Prehistory: Why did Foragers become Farmers?
The Agricultural Revolution in Prehistory addresses one of the most debated and least understood revolutions in the history of our species, the change from hunting and gathering to farming. Graeme
Biopiracy: The Plunder of Nature and Knowledge
  • V. Shiva
  • Sociology, Political Science
  • 1997
Gene Banks and the World's Food
Gene Banks and the World's Food contributes to the crucial debate on how best to preserve some of society's most valuable raw material. The authors also provide an up-to-date report on the status and
Costing the ex situ conservation of plant genetic resources at AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center
High labor costs in Taiwan increase AVRDC’s average cost, but the fact that more vegetable species are self- pollinating and thus less labor intensive to regenerate than cross-pollinating species keeps the average costs in check, which are important benchmarks for other genebanks.
Focus: who reaps the benefits of biodiversity?
  • C. Karasov
  • Environmental Science
    Environmental health perspectives
  • 2001
Questions remain, however, as to how to share the benefits of biodiversity equitably, as well as whether the lack of both U.S. support for the agreement and enforceability render the convention impotent.
Origin and geography of cultivated plants
1. On the Eastern centers of origin of cultivated plants 2. On the origin of cultivated plants 3. Centers of origin of cultivated plants 4. Geographical regularities in relation to the distribution
Regulating the use of genetic resources – between international authorities
This article examines interaction between multilateral agreements and the assessment of implementation efforts. The first aim is to portray how regulations emanating from different international
Bridging the North-South Divide: International Environmental Law in the Anthropocene
The failure of international law and institutions to address global environmental degradation has significant implications for law and society as the planet’s ecosystems approach irreversible tipping