No Man’s Land: Exploring the Space between Gilligan and Kohlberg

  title={No Man’s Land: Exploring the Space between Gilligan and Kohlberg},
  author={Gabriel Donleavy},
  journal={Journal of Business Ethics},
  • G. Donleavy
  • Published 1 July 2008
  • Sociology
  • Journal of Business Ethics
The Kohlberg Gilligan Controversy has received intermittent but inconclusive attention for many years, perhaps reflecting the difficulty of bridging the two positions. This article explores the published evidence for Gilligan’s claims of gender difference, gender identity difference, and role of caring in people’s ethics. It seems that the evidence for pronounced gender differences in ethical attitudes within business is weak, even if gender identity is used instead of physical gender. The main… 

Exploring and Comparing Cognitive Moral Reasoning of Millennials and Across Multiple Generations

This research builds on previous investigations seeking to understand how individuals reason about moral problems. Our research includes a preliminary investigation about Millennials and a

Understanding the Millennials’ Integrated Ethical Decision-Making Process: Assessing the Relationship Between Personal Values and Cognitive Moral Reasoning

Focusing on millennials, individuals born between 1980 and 2000 and representing the largest generational population in our history, this research seeks to understand their ethical decision-making

Does job position moderate the relationship between gender and ethics?: a cross-cultural analysis

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between gender and ethics, the interaction of job position and gender on ethics, and the three-way interacting effects of cultural

Values and Organizational Culture Perceptions: A Study of Relationships and Antecedents to Managerial Moral Judgment

Rachel Vannatta Reinhart, Advisor “At this moment, America’s highest economic need is higher ethical standards....” (Former U.S. President George W. Bush, 2002). That statement was made in the

Organizational caring and organizational justice

Purpose – This article aims to analyze, from a theoretical point of view, if organizational caring and organizational justice are compatible and complementary. It proposes a link between justice and

Care and justice arguments in the ethical reasoning of medical students

Objectives: To gather empirical data on how gender and educational level influence bioethical reasoning among medical students by analyzing their use of care versus justice arguments for reconciling

The Ethics Narrative and the Role of the Business School in Moral Development

Media stories of ethical lapses in business are relentless. The general public vacillates between revulsion, impatience, cynicism, and apathy. The role of the Business School in Moral Development is

Culture, Gender, and GMAT Scores: Implications for Corporate Ethics

Business leadership increasingly requires a master’s degree in business and graduate management admission test (GMAT) scores continue to be an important component of applications for admission to

Exploring the Relationship of Variant Degrees of National Economic Freedom to the Ethical Profiles of Millennial Business Students in Eight Countries

This research explores the relationship of variant degrees of a country’s economic freedom to the ethical profiles of millennial business students, specifically an individual’s personal value

Forward Looking or Looking Unaffordable? Utilising Academic Perspectives on Corporate Social Responsibility to Assess the Factors Influencing its Adoption by Business

The paper demonstrates its CSR at a tipping point thesis by juxtaposing views of corporate social responsibility (CSR) as essential for business and societal sustainability against those that see CSR



Kohlberg and Gilligan: duet or duel?

Most moral psychologists have come to accept two types of moral reasoning: Kohlberg's justice and Gilligan's care, but there still seem to be some unresolved issues. By analysing and comparing

Reason and Feeling in Thinking about Justice

  • S. Okin
  • Sociology, Philosophy
  • 1989
Recent feminist scholarship has challenged the corpus of Western political thought in two new ways. Some works focus first on either the absence or the assumed subordination of women in a political

The Justice of Caring

  • M. Slote
  • Psychology
    Social Philosophy and Policy
  • 1998
Carol Gilligan's In a Different Voice, which appeared in 1982, argued that men tend to conceive morality in terms of rights, justice, and autonomy, whereas women more frequently think in terms of

‘The Business of Ethics and Gender’

Unethical decision-making behavior within organizations has received increasing attention over the past ten years. As a result, a plethora of studies have examined the relationship between gender and

Caring: A Feminine Approach to Ethics and Moral Education

Ethics has been discussed largely in the language of the father, Nel Noddings believes: in principles and propositions, in terms such as justification, fairness, and equity. The mother's voice has

The Crafting of Care: Rationality, Gender and Social Relations in Educational Decision‐Making

This article examines discourses on care and the way they operate within four education case conferences. It examines the multiple subject positions afforded to participants in the meetings, and the

Gender differences in moral orientation: a meta-analysis.

A meta-analysis of the work on gender differences in moral orientation offered no strong support for the claim that the care orientation is used predominantly by women and that the justice orientation is use predominantly by men.

The Construction of Moral Dilemmas in Everyday Life

This study investigated the extent to which people interpret real-life moral dilemmas in terms of an internal moral orientation, as Gilligan (1982, 1988) has suggested, or in terms of the content of

In a different voice: Women's conceptions of self and of morality.

As theories of developmental psychology continue to define educational goals and practice, it has become imperative for educators and researchers to scrutinize not only the underlying assumptions of

Gender and Perspective Differences in Moral Judgement and Moral Orientation

Abstract Forty male and female adults responded to two forms of Kohlberg's test‐‐one in the standard third‐person form, and the other imagining themselves as the protagonists in Kohlberg's dilemmas.