Nizam, la Tanzim (System, not Organization): Do Organizations Matter in Terrorism Today? A Study of the November 2008 Mumbai Attacks

@article{Acharya2010NizamLT,
  title={Nizam, la Tanzim (System, not Organization): Do Organizations Matter in Terrorism Today? A Study of the November 2008 Mumbai Attacks},
  author={Arabinda Acharya and Sonal Marwah},
  journal={Studies in Conflict \& Terrorism},
  year={2010},
  volume={34},
  pages={1 - 16}
}
The decline of the terrorist organization and the phenomenon of “homegrown” or “leaderless” jihad have led to the perception that the terrorist threat has moved from commander-cadre organizations to diffused networks or cells and individuals. However, using the November 2008 terrorist attacks in Mumbai, this article demonstrates that organizations do matter in terrorism. In other words, to produce successful and high impact attacks, terrorists do need some form of organization. Even leaderless… 
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