Nixon, Kissinger, and the Shah: The Origins of Iranian Primacy in the Persian Gulf

  title={Nixon, Kissinger, and the Shah: The Origins of Iranian Primacy in the Persian Gulf},
  author={Roham Alvandi},
  journal={Diplomatic History},
  • R. Alvandi
  • Published 2012
  • Political Science
  • Diplomatic History
The Nixon Doctrine marked a turning point in American strategies of containment in the Persian Gulf. Whereas Lyndon Johnson had sought to balance Iran and Saudi Arabia as the “twin pillars” of the region during the British withdrawal “east of Suez,” between 1969 and 1972 Nixon gradually adopted a policy of Iranian primacy. Declining Anglo-American power does not provide an adequate explanation for this shift in U.S. Gulf policy. These constraints confronted both Johnson and Nixon, yet each… Expand
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