Nitrogen recycling through proctodeal trophallaxis in the Japanese damp-wood termite Hodotermopsis japonica (Isoptera, Termopsidae)

@article{Machida2001NitrogenRT,
  title={Nitrogen recycling through proctodeal trophallaxis in the Japanese damp-wood termite Hodotermopsis japonica (Isoptera, Termopsidae)},
  author={Mitsuyo Machida and Osamu Kitade and Toru Miura and T. Matsumoto},
  journal={Insectes Sociaux},
  year={2001},
  volume={48},
  pages={52-56}
}
Summary: Trophallaxis is one of a variety of nutritional tactics that enable termites to conserve and recycle nitrogenous compounds. In this study, we designed three experiments to reveal the function and importance of proctodeal trophallaxis in the Japanese damp-wood termite Hodotermopsis japonica. First, our observations showed that younger instars and soldiers tended to behave as recipients of proctodeal fluid, while older instars acted mainly as donors. Secondly, nitrogen-deficient groups… 

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