The effects of nitrogen balance on uric acid/urate, K+ and Na+ storage or mobilization were examined in the American cockroach Periplaneta americana (L.). Cockroaches on a high nitrogen diet increased in whole body uric acid/urates, K and Na+. Those on a semi-starvation diet maintained fairly constant levels of uric acid/urates, K+ and Na+. However, those on a low nitrogen diet mobilized stored uric acid/urates and K+, but not Na. Analyses for uric/urates K, Na, Ca" and Mg*+ in fat body tissue from insects maintained on 12 diets containing different concentrations and sources of dietary nitrogen showed that only K+ concentration could be correlated with fat body uric acid/urate storage. Whole body storage and mobilization of uric acid/urates, K+ and Na were reflected in the faecal/dietary ratios of K+ and Na+. A model for a uric acid/urate ion sink which might be associated with ionic and osmotic balances is proposed, and some evidence for its existence is discussed.