Nitrogen as the limiting nutrient for eutrophication in coastal marine ecosystems: Evolving views over three decades

  title={Nitrogen as the limiting nutrient for eutrophication in coastal marine ecosystems: Evolving views over three decades},
  author={Robert W. Howarth and Roxanne Marino},
  journal={Limnology and Oceanography},
The first special volume of Limnology and Oceanography, published in 1972, focused on whether phosphorus (P) or carbon (C) is the major agent causing eutrophication in aquatic ecosystems. Only slight mention was made that estuaries may behave differently from lakes and that nitrogen (N) may cause eutrophication in estuaries. In the following decade, an understanding of eutrophication in estuaries proceeded in relative isolation from the community of scientists studying lakes. National water… 
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  • D. Schindler
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2012
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