Nitrogen Oxides, Nuclear Weapon Testing, Concorde and Stratospheric Ozone

  title={Nitrogen Oxides, Nuclear Weapon Testing, Concorde and Stratospheric Ozone},
  author={Philip Goldsmith and Adrian F. Tuck and John S. Foot and E. L. Simmons and R. L. Newson},
Although amounts of nitrogen oxides equivalent to the output from many Concordes were released into the atmosphere when nuclear testing was at its peak, the amount of ozone in the atmosphere was not affected. 
Production of nitrogen oxides by lightning discharges
The annual production of nitric oxide by lightning discharges is estimated to be 1.8 × 1035 molecules, within rather large limits of uncertainty. Implications for the global budget of odd nitrogen
Measurements of nitric oxide after a nuclear burst
Measurement of ozone and nitric oxide in a nuclear cloud 7 days after the explosion are reported. No measurable increase above the ambient density of either ozone or nitric oxide was found. Results
Increased atmospheric carbon dioxide and stratospheric ozone
A column model in which atmospheric photochemistry and radiative transfer have been coupled together, and with vertical transport represented by eddy exchange coefficients, has been used to calculate
Supersonic aircraft and the ozone layer
Model calculations including atmospheric motions and the photochemistry of oxygen, water, and nitrogen oxides indicate that 500 supersonic transports would reduce the stratospheric ozone shield
Atmospheric ozone depletion by nuclear weapons testing
Local changes in atmospheric ozone relative to background regional changes over a period during which a small megaton nuclear weapon was detonated in tropical latitudes have been studied by using
Photochemical war on the atmosphere
Professor Hampson believes that many scientists have not recognised the potential danger of thermonuclear warfare. He outlines some of the changes in the photochemical regime of the atmosphere, which
Stratospheric Nitric Oxide: Measurements during Daytime and Sunset
The experimental results strongly support the theorized role of nitric oxide as a catalyst in the destruction of ozone and its importance in the stratospheric ozone balance.
Pollution of the Stratosphere
  • H. Johnston
  • Environmental Science
    Environmental Conservation
  • 1974
Ozone in the stratosphere is vital to life on Earth. Yet it is chemically unstable and is susceptible to catalytic destruction from a long list of chemical substances, including NOX, HOX, CIOX, and
Effect of atmospheric nuclear explosions on total ozone. Final report
This paper reviews the current knowledge of the depletion of stratospheric ozone due to the injection of oxides of nitrogen from thermonuclear explosions in the atmosphere, discussing the theoretical
Spectroscopic Measurements of Stratospheric Nitric Oxide and Water Vapor
Spectroscopic measurements have been made of the nitric oxide and water vapor concentrations in the stratosphere at an altitude of 28 kilometers, representing the first accurate determination ofNitric oxide as a function of time.


Reduction of Stratospheric Ozone by Nitrogen Oxide Catalysts from Supersonic Transport Exhaust
The projected increase in stratospheric oxides of nitrogen could reduce the ozone shield by about a factor of 2, thus permitting the harsh radiation below 300 nanometers to permeate the lower atmosphere.
Secular Variation of the Stratospheric Ozone Layer over Middle Europe during the Solar Cycles from 1951 to 1972
WE have suggested a typical secular variation of the ozone in the terrestrial stratosphere with the solar activity1. We report here observations with optical ozone radio sonde which give further
Ozone production rates in an oxygen‐hydrogen‐nitrogen oxide atmosphere
The distribution of the compounds NO, NO2, NO3, N2O5, and HNO3 has been calculated for different choices of relevant parameters, the values of which are uncertain. An appreciable part of the NO and
Physical Sciences: Atmospheric Total Ozone Increase during the 1960s
NAMIAS1 has postulated that sea–air interactions on a regional basis, and not necessarily air pollution, volcanic activity, or solar intensity variations, may have caused the cooling trend that was
Erratum: Shock‐Tube Study of Nitrogen Dissociation Using Vacuum‐Ultraviolet Light Absorption
A shock‐tube investigation of the dissociation of nitrogen diluted in argon is described which utilizes vacuum‐ultraviolet absorption at 1176 A to monitor the disappearance of molecular nitrogen.
The recombination of nitrogen atoms and the nitrogen afterglow
  • I. Campbell, B. Thrush
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • 1967
The recombination of nitrogen atoms has been studied photometrically in a fast flow system. The concentration of nitrogen atoms was determined by nitric oxide titration. The measured bimolecular rate
The formation of a blast wave by a very intense explosion I. Theoretical discussion
  • G. Taylor
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • 1950
This paper was written early in 1941 and circulated to the Civil Defence Research Committee of the Ministry of Home Security in June of that year. The present writer had been told that it might be
Shock Waves in Air at Very High Pressures
The equations of the shock wave in air at n.t.p. are solved numerically for pressures on the high pressure side up to 1000 atmospheres. The solution enables all the physical entities, such as
Differences in Dobson Spectrophotometer and Filter Ozonometer Measurements of Total Ozone.
  • R. Bojkov
  • Environmental Science, Mathematics
  • 1969
Abstract This paper reviews the results of the first systematic parallel measurements with a Dobson-type spectrophotometer and an M-83 filter ozonometer. Measurements were performed at the University