Nitrite-driven anaerobic methane oxidation by oxygenic bacteria

@article{Ettwig2010NitritedrivenAM,
  title={Nitrite-driven anaerobic methane oxidation by oxygenic bacteria},
  author={Katharina F. Ettwig and Margaret K. Butler and Denis Le Paslier and Eric Pelletier and Sophie Mangenot and Marcel M M Kuypers and Frank Schreiber and Bas E. Dutilh and Johannes Zedelius and Dirk de Beer and Jolein Gloerich and Hans J. C. T. Wessels and Theo A. van Alen and Francisca A. Luesken and Ming Lei Wu and Katinka T. van de Pas-Schoonen and H. J. M. Camp and Eva M. Janssen-Megens and Kees-Jan Françoijs and Hendrik G. Stunnenberg and Jean Weissenbach and Mike S. M. Jetten and Marc Strous},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2010},
  volume={464},
  pages={543-548}
}
Only three biological pathways are known to produce oxygen: photosynthesis, chlorate respiration and the detoxification of reactive oxygen species. Here we present evidence for a fourth pathway, possibly of considerable geochemical and evolutionary importance. The pathway was discovered after metagenomic sequencing of an enrichment culture that couples anaerobic oxidation of methane with the reduction of nitrite to dinitrogen. The complete genome of the dominant bacterium, named ‘Candidatus… Expand
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