Nitric oxide stimulates the proliferation of neural stem cells bypassing the epidermal growth factor receptor.

Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) was described to inhibit the proliferation of neural stem cells. Some evidence suggests that NO, under certain conditions, can also promote cell proliferation, although the mechanisms responsible for a potential proliferative effect of NO in neural stem cells have remained unaddressed. In this work, we investigated and characterized the proliferative effect of NO in cell cultures obtained from the mouse subventricular zone. We found that the NO donor NOC-18 (10 microM) increased cell proliferation, whereas higher concentrations (100 microM) inhibited cell proliferation. Increased cell proliferation was detected rapidly following exposure to NO and was prevented by blocking the mitogen-activated kinase (MAPK) pathway, independently of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor. Downstream of the EGF receptor, NO activated p21Ras and the MAPK pathway, resulting in a decrease in the nuclear presence of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1, p27(KIP1), allowing for cell cycle progression. Furthermore, in a mouse model that shows increased proliferation of neural stem cells in the hippocampus following seizure injury, we observed that the absence of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS(-/-) mice) prevented the increase in cell proliferation observed following seizures in wild-type mice, showing that NO from iNOS origin is important for increased cell proliferation following a brain insult. Overall, we show that NO is able to stimulate the proliferation of neural stem cells bypassing the EGF receptor and promoting cell division. Moreover, under pathophysiological conditions in vivo, NO from iNOS origin also promotes proliferation in the hippocampus.

DOI: 10.1002/stem.444
0501002011201220132014201520162017
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@article{Carreira2010NitricOS, title={Nitric oxide stimulates the proliferation of neural stem cells bypassing the epidermal growth factor receptor.}, author={Bruno Pereira Carreira and Maria In{\^e}s Morte and {\^A}ngela In{\'a}cio and Gabriel Costa and Joana Rosmaninho-Salgado and Fabienne Agasse and An{\'a}lia do Carmo and Patr{\'i}cia Couceiro and Patrik Brundin and Ant{\'o}nio Francisco Ambr{\'o}sio and Caetana Monteiro Carvalho and In{\^e}s Ara{\'u}jo}, journal={Stem cells}, year={2010}, volume={28 7}, pages={1219-30} }