Nitric oxide, angiotensin II, and reactive oxygen species in hypertension and atherogenesis.

A balance among nitric oxide (NO), angiotensin II (Ang II), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the endothelium is necessary for maintaining the homeostasis of the vascular wall. Oxidative stress has been shown to play a critical role in the development of hypertension and atherosclerosis. Although there is overwhelming evidence that hypertension promotes… (More)