Nipple-areola complex macro photography to test skin hydration and cracked nipples in breastfeeding women

  title={Nipple-areola complex macro photography to test skin hydration and cracked nipples in breastfeeding women},
  author={Vincenzo Zanardo and Francesca Volpe and Lara Giliberti and Gianluca Straface},
Background: Appropriate hydration is fundamental in preventing nipple-areola skin barrier damage and cracking nipples. Methods: Nipple-areola complex skin hydration status with contemporary macro photography (x100) was evaluated at 36 ± 6 postpartum hours in breastfeeding women using non-invasive bioengineering methods. Results: Macro photography was found to be effective in describing both stratum corneum hydration features of breast nipple-areola complex and cracking nipples. Conclusion: A… 

Figures from this paper



Nipple Wound Care: A New Approach to an Old Problem

Using a particular type of wound dressing, a hydrogel sheet wound covering, on a nipple wound offers several advantages: these dressings help maintain a moist environment, decrease the chance of bacterial infection, are easy to use, and provide immediate pain relief.

Prevention of and therapies for nipple pain: a systematic review.

The most important factor in decreasing the incidence of nipple pain is the provision of education in relation to proper breastfeeding technique and latch-on as well as anticipatory guidance regarding the high incidence of early postpartum nipple pain.

Stratum corneum hydration and skin surface pH in patients with atopic dermatitis.

The results of this study suggested the skin barrier function to be degraded in AD patients, which is specifically expressed in lesional skin.

Does the duration and frequency of early breastfeeding affect nipple pain?

It is suggested that frequent feedings in early lactation do not increase the incidence of nipple discomfort and there was a significant decrease in nipple soreness from days 1–5 to days 6–10 in spite of a significant increase in the frequency and duration of feedings over the same period.

Nipple pain in breastfeeding women: causes, treatment, and prevention strategies.

  • P. Tait
  • Medicine
    Journal of midwifery & women's health
  • 2000

Human breast areolae as scent organs: morphological data and possible involvement in maternal-neonatal coadaptation.

The maternal endowment in AG may contribute to the infants' breastfeeding performance, early growth, and the mother's lactation onset.

Objective assessment of the skin of children affected by atopic dermatitis: a study of pH, capacitance and TEWL in eczematous and clinically uninvolved skin.

Data show that, in subjects with AD, skin functions undergo fluctuations according to the phase of the disease and support the hypothesis that the presence of active eczema determines an impairment of the barrier of uninvolved skin, even at sites far from active lesions.

Moisturizing and cosmetic properties of emu oil: A pilot double blind study

A pilot double blind, study was conducted to survey patient satisfaction with moisturizing and cosmetic properties of emu oil and could not find a single report in a scientific peer reviewed literature dealing with either emU oil and its cosmetic pharmaceutical properties or its composition.

Lactation mastitis: occurrence and medical management among 946 breastfeeding women in the United States.

Feeding fewer than 10 times per day was protective regardless of whether or not feeding frequency in the same week or the week before mastitis was included in the model, and duration of feeding was not associated with mastitis risk.

Epidermal barrier formation and recovery in skin disorders.

  • J. Segre
  • Medicine
    The Journal of clinical investigation
  • 2006
The molecular regulation of the epidermal barrier as well as causes and potential treatments for defects of barrier formation are discussed and it is proposed that medical management of barrier disruption may positively affect the course of common skin disorders.