Nile Delta: Recent Geological Evolution and Human Impact

  title={Nile Delta: Recent Geological Evolution and Human Impact},
  author={Daniel Jean Stanley and Andrew G. Warne},
  pages={628 - 634}
Few countries in the world are as dependent on water from a single source as Egypt. The natural Nile cycle of flow and sediment discharge has been disrupted by human intervention, including closure of the High Aswan Dam; this intervention has resulted in a series of responses that now threaten the northern Nile delta. Erosion, salinization, and pollution are inducing a marked decline in agricultural productivity and loss of land and coastal lagoons at a time when the population is expanding… 
ITCZ and ENSO-like pacing of Nile delta hydro-geomorphology during the Holocene
Abstract The Nile valley accommodates the world's longest river and shaped the development of numerous complex societies, providing a reliable source of water for farming and linking populations to
Nile delta: extreme case of sediment entrapment on a delta plain and consequent coastal land loss
Abstract Accelerated erosion of Egypt's Nile delta coast during this century has generally been attributed to construction of two dams at Aswan, entrapment of sediment in Lake Nasser behind the High
Tracking Nile Delta Vulnerability to Holocene Change
The reconstruction suggests that the Nile Delta has a particularly long history of vulnerability to extreme events (e.g. floods and storms) and sea-level rise, although the present sediment-starved system does not have a direct Holocene analogue.
Significant depositional changes offshore the Nile Delta in late third millennium BCE: relevance for Egyptology
Abstract. No environmental factor has been as critically important for Egypt's ancient society through time as sufficiently high annual flood levels of the Nile River, the country's major source of
Human-induced sedimentological changes in Manzala Lagoon, Nile Delta, Egypt
Abstract The Manzala Lagoon in Egypt's Nile Delta has become a sediment sink of reduced area and depth, with increased contaminant levels. Loss of much-needed fresh to brackish water reserves and
Nile Delta in its Destruction Phase
All deltas undergo alternating construction to destruction phases due to fundamental changes in the relative influence of sediment input from rivers and redistribution by marine coast al processes.
Holocene Aridity-Induced Interruptions of Human Activity along a Fluvial Channel in Egypt’s Northern Delta
Geoarchaeological information presented here pertains to a subsidiary Nile channel that once flowed west of the main Sebennitic distributary and discharged its water and sediments at Egypt’s then
Human influence and the changing geomorphology of Mediterranean deltas and coasts over the last 6000 years: From progradation to destruction phase?
The present geomorphology of the Mediterranean's coasts is largely a product of an intricate long-term relationship between Nature and human societies. A cradle of ancient civilisations, the
The fluvial evolution of the Holocene Nile Delta.
Abstract The evolution of the Nile Delta, the largest delta system in the Mediterranean Sea, has both high palaeoenvironmental and archaeological significance. A dynamic model of the landscape
Landscape Variability and the Response of Asian Megadeltas to Environmental Change
Deltas, occurring at the mouths of river systems that deposit sediments as they enter the sea, are some of the most dynamic sedimentary environments. They contain a long, and often economically


Subsidence in the Northeastern Nile Delta: Rapid Rates, Possible Causes, and Consequences
The combined effects of continued subsidence and sea level rise may flood a large part of the northern delta plain by as much as 1 meter by the year 2100.
Nile Delta: Nature and evolution of continental shelf sediments ☆
Abstract The continental shelf off the Nile Delta is covered by terrigenous sands on the shore face, by terrigenous muds on the middle shelf, and by algal carbonates on the outer shelf. As the
Holocene evolution of the northeastern corner of the Nile Delta
Abstract The constructive phase of the modern Nile Delta, as manifested in a 48-m section drilled east of the Suez Canal, commenced in very early Holocene times. Sands rich in marine fauna were
Effect of river outflow management on marine life
Marine erosion of the Delta Coast has speeded-up following the Dam construction, due to loss of mud and silt deposition and loss of Lake-Sea currents, which can result in transgression of the sea on these lakes, and calls for urgent measures for shore protection.
Recent subsidence and northeast tilting of the Nile delta, Egypt
Abstract Sediment borings collected in the Nile delta of Egypt, many of them radiocarbon dated, indicate that the entire northern sector of this major depositional center in the eastern Mediterranean
Late Quaternary Evolution of the Northwest Nile Delta and Adjacent Coast in the Alexandria Region, Egypt
The late Pleistocene to Recent evolution of the Alexandria region, Egypt, is interpreted by sedimentologic-stratigraphic study of radiocarbon-dated borings. Petrological and faunal analyses define
Late Quaternary palaeoclimatic oscillations in East Africa recorded by heavy minerals in the Nile delta
BECAUSE the Nile carries a load derived from markedly different geological terrains and climatic zones, it is expected that minera-logical study of deposits in its delta could help define changes in
Sediment Transport on the Coast and Shelf Between the Nile Delta and Israeli Margin as Determined by Heavy Minerals
The main source of terrigenous sediments supplied to the southeastern Mediterranean margin was the River Nile until the emplacement of the High Aswan Dam in 1964. It is generally assumed that since
Late Quaternary stratigraphy and paleogeography of the eastern Nile Delta, Egypt
Abstract A petrological study of numerous sediment borings identifies the late Pleistocene and Holocene lithofacies in the northeastern Nile Delta of Egypt. A coarsening-upward sequence characterizes
Late Quaternary evolution of the Burullus lagoon region, north-central Nile delta, Egypt
Abstract The evolution of late Quaternary stratigraphic sequences in the Burullus lagoon region of the north-central Nile delta, Egypt is determined by petrological analysis of radiocarbon-dated