Nightmares: clinical characteristics and personality patterns.

@article{Kales1980NightmaresCC,
  title={Nightmares: clinical characteristics and personality patterns.},
  author={Anthony Kales and Constantin R. Soldatos and Alex B. Caldwell and Dennis S. Charney and Joyce D. Kales and D S Markel and Roger J. Cadieux},
  journal={The American journal of psychiatry},
  year={1980},
  volume={137 10},
  pages={
          1197-201
        }
}
The authors evaluated the development and clinical course of nightmares and the personality patterns of people with this dosorder by studying 30 adults who had a current complaint of nightmares. Nightmares usually began in childhood or adolescence and were chronic. Psychological factors played a major role in the development and persistence of nightmares, major life events were often associated with the onset of the disorder, mental stress usually increased the frequency of events, and… 
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  • 1992
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References

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  • Psychology
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TLDR
Frequent nightmare sufferers when compared with their less frequent and non-nightmare counterparts demonstrated greater manifest anxiety, lower ego-strength, heightened conscious concerns about death, and significantly more sleep disturbances.
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TLDR
Although night terrors and sleepwalking in childhood seem to be related primarily to genetic and developmental factors, their persistence and especially their onset in adulthood are found to berelated more to psychological factors.
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TLDR
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In summary, the classical sleep disorders of nocturnal enuresis, somnambulism, the nightmare, and the sleep terror occur preferentially during arousal from slow-wave sleep and are virtually never
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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