Nightmares: a new neurocognitive model.

  title={Nightmares: a new neurocognitive model.},
  author={Tore Nielsen and Ross Levin},
  journal={Sleep medicine reviews},
  volume={11 4},
Nightmares are a prevalent parasomnia associated with a range of psychiatric conditions and pathological symptoms. Current knowledge about how nightmares are produced is still influenced by neo-psychoanalytic speculations as well as by more recent personality, evolutionary and neurobiological models. A majority of these models stipulate some type of emotionally adaptive function for dreaming, e.g., image contextualization, affect desomatization, mood regulation or fear extinction. Nightmares… CONTINUE READING


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