Nietzsche’s Zarathustra and Parodic Style: On Lucian’s Hyperanthropos and Nietzsche’s Übermensch

@article{Babich2011NietzschesZA,
  title={Nietzsche’s Zarathustra and Parodic Style: On Lucian’s Hyperanthropos and Nietzsche’s {\"U}bermensch},
  author={Babette E. Babich},
  journal={Diogenes},
  year={2011},
  volume={58},
  pages={58 - 74}
}
It is well-known that as a term, Nietzsche's Ubermensch derives from Lucian of Samosata's hyperanthropos. I argue that Zarathustra's teaching of the overman acquires new resonances by reflecting on the context of that origination from Lucian's Kataplous -literally, "sailing into port" - referring to the soul's journey, ferried by Charon, guided by Hermes, into the afterlife. The Kataplous he tyrannos, usually translated Downward Journey or The Tyrant, is a Menippean satire telling the tale of… 
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