Niels Stensen (1638–1686): Scientist, Neuroanatomist, and Saint

  title={Niels Stensen (1638–1686): Scientist, Neuroanatomist, and Saint},
  author={Paolo Perrini and Giuseppe Lanzino and Giuliano Francesco Parenti},
Niels Stensen (1638–1686) was a prominent Danish scientist who laid the foundations of paleontology, geology, and crystallography. He undertook a personal search for the truth, rejecting many assumptions of his time, and he struggled to acquire a firm foundation of knowledge based on close observation and rigorous experimentation. Niels Stensen is known eponymously for the discovery of the duct of the parotid gland (ductus stenonianus) but most clinicians are not familiar with his contributions… 
Niels Stensen and the Discovery of the Parotid Duct
The year 2013 marks the 375th anniversary of the birth of the renowned Danish scholar Niels Stensen (Fig. 1). He is remembered for his contribution to science, theology and as a Catholic bishop who
Niels Stensen: A 17th Century Scientist with a Modern View of Brain Organization
  • A. Parent
  • Medicine
    Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences / Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
  • 2013
In 1665 the Danish scholar Niels Stensen reached Paris, where he pronounced a discourse on brain anatomy that was to orient neuroscientists for years to come.
Life of Niels Stensen (1638-1686), who was the Pioneer Scientist and Great Neuroanatomist
Danish scientist, Niels Stensen was a prosperous anatomist and in addition to that a pioneer in the areas of paleontology, geology, mineralogy and bishop. With his studies on subjects of anatomy,
Anatomic Eponyms in Neuroradiology: Head and Neck.
22 eponyms used to describe anatomic structures of the head and neck are discussed and an anatomic description and brief discussion of the structure's clinical relevance follow.
The Enlightenment: The Impact of Reason and Religion upon Health and Fitness in a Period of Urban Growth and Industrialization
European Enlightenment philosophers such as Spinoza, Rousseau and Voltaire began to overshadow the traditional teachings of the Church on the meaning of life and the nature of reality. Radical ideas
The salivary ducts of Wharton and Stenson: analysis of normal variant sialographic morphometry and a historical review.
  • A. Horsburgh, T. Massoud
  • Medicine
    Annals of anatomy = Anatomischer Anzeiger : official organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
  • 2013
These reported comprehensive and detailed morphometrics are useful for therapeutic planning of luminal procedures on the salivary ducts, including sialography, sialoendoscopy, interventional therapies, and lithotripsy.
Bilateral double parotid ducts: a case report
During routine dissection  in the Department of Anatomy of Ege University School of Medicine, double parotid ducts were observed bilaterally in  a 72-year-old male cadaver and traced carefully and neighboring anatomic structures were demonstrated.
Redefining the Surface Anatomy of the Parotid Duct: An In Vivo Ultrasound Study
A more accurate description of the surface anatomy of the parotid duct should assist with early diagnosis of parotids duct injuries and avoidance of iatrogenic injury.
Niels Stensen y el Descubrimiento del Conducto Parotídeo
Niels Stensen fue un renombrado cientifico danes, obispo y teologo catolico. A principios de su carrera Stensen se dedico a la anatomia, disciplina en la cual logro muchas contribuciones importantes.
The adjustable shunt valve in the treatment of adult hydrocephalus - Effect on clinical symptoms, intracranial pressure and complications
Both adjustable valves and right frontal placement of the shunt were associated with a lower shunt revision rate, but not independently and the pressure window in an adjustable valve is narrower in vivo than in vitro.


Niels Steensen, M.D. (1638-1686), scientist and bishop.
  • I. Porter
  • Medicine
    The New England journal of medicine
  • 1962
The Dane, Niels Steensen,† graduated from the University of Copenhagen when he was twenty-two years old and made contributions to anatomy, geology and paleontology that were important milestones in each of these disciplines.
Nicolaus Steno's new myology (1667): rather than muscle, the motorfibre should be called animal's organ of movement.
Nicolaus Steno's proposals on muscles have since become a common-place in computer models applied in the study of human and animal motion.
Niccolò Stenone: A Life Between Science and Faith
Niccolo ` Stenone, a future academic, was characterized by a long period of illness of unknown nature which lasted for about 3 years, which if it did not leave signs of his state of health, certainly left signs of introspection and scepticism in his mind.
Willis and Steno on muscles: rediscovery of a 17th-century biological theory.
  • T. Kardel
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of the history of the neurosciences
  • 1996
Niels Stensen in 1667 in the first systematic analysis of muscle fibre contraction described the unipennate actuator of skeletal muscles, now applied in computer programs simulating muscular action.
Steno and Brain Research in the Seventeenth Century
Although this Catalogue of Sixteenth Century Books may be open to criticism in regard to details of structure and presentation, its importance as a contribution to medico-historical bibliography can hardly be questioned.
Fiber dissection technique: lateral aspect of the brain.
Fiber dissection is time-consuming and complex, but it greatly adds to the authors' knowledge of brain anatomic features and thus helps improve the quality of microneurosurgery.
The Seashell on the Mountaintop: A Story of Science, Sainthood, and the Humble Genius Who Discovered a New History of the Earth (review)
sometimes admire true sanctity. Indeed, this relationship sometimes called down upon them the wrath of male society, which suspected them of “meddling in family secrets”—a suspicion which followed
Treatise on man
The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Evolution.Edited by Steve Jones, Robert D. Martin and David R. Pilbeam. Cam-bridge University Press: 1992. Pp. 506. á£60, $$95.
Nicolaus Steno’s new miology (1667): rather than muscle the motor fibre should be called animal’s organ of movement. Nuncius
  • 2008