Nicotine in breast milk influences heart rate variability in the infant

@article{Dahlstrm2008NicotineIB,
  title={Nicotine in breast milk influences heart rate variability in the infant},
  author={Anders Dahlstr{\"o}m and Christina Ebersj{\"o} and B. P. W. Lundell},
  journal={Acta P{\ae}diatrica},
  year={2008},
  volume={97}
}
Aim: To study the effects of postnatal exposure to nicotine on the regulation of heart rate and blood pressure in infants. 
Maternal use of nicotine products and breastfeeding 3 months postpartum
TLDR
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with maternal use of nicotine products in relation to breastfeeding and to investigate the role of breastfeeding in the development of nicotine use. Expand
Association between duration of breastfeeding and drug therapy.
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Evaluation of the existence of an association between the use of medication by nursing women and duration of breastfeeding in Itauna, MG, Brazil and the results show a positive association between medication use and breastfeeding duration. Expand
Smoking Mothers and Breastfeeding
TLDR
The benefits of breastfeeding and the long-term disadvantages of not breastfeeding are increasingly recognized as important. Expand
Cotinine level as a biomarker of tobacco smoke exposure during pregnancy
Today, smoking today is one of the most common bad habits in the world. Smoking, both active and passive, increases perinatal mortality by 27%, increases the incidence of heart attack and detachmentExpand
Effects of postnatal environmental tobacco smoke on non-nutritive swallowing-breathing coordination in newborn lambs
TLDR
Investigation of postnatal ETS exposure in lambs found only mild effects on NNS-breathing coordination, which are crucial to prevent aspiration related-cardiorespiratory events. Expand
Tobacco smoking and breastfeeding: Effect on the lactation process, breast milk composition and infant development. A critical review.
TLDR
A review of previous reports about the effects of smoking on the lactation process, breast milk composition and infant development shows nicotine levels in breast milk of women who smoke are three times higher than those in the plasma levels. Expand
Assessment of tobacco smoke effects on neonatal cardiorespiratory control using a semi-automated processing approach
TLDR
The unique results suggest that early postnatal ETS exposure increases respiratory rate variability and decreases the coupling between cardiac and respiratory systems. Expand
4.16 – Recreational drugs
As breastfeeding is contraindicated in cases of persistent maternal use of heroin or stimulant drugs, such as amphetamines, cocaine and alcohol, breastfeeding mothers should avoid recreational drugExpand
Toxic metals in human milk in relation to tobacco smoke exposure.
TLDR
It is confirmed that exposure to tobacco smoke increases concentrations of heavy metals (cadmium and lead) in colostrum and mature milk, which may disturb the action of bioactive substances necessary for the optimal growth and development of newborns and infants. Expand
Cardiovascular control during sleep in infants: Implications for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.
TLDR
Normal development of cardiovascular control during sleep in infants is summarized and the association of impaired cardiovascular control with the three overlapping factors proposed to be involved in SIDS pathogenesis is described. Expand
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The two snuff‐taking mothers exposed their children to higher milk nicotine concentrations than all but two of the smokers, and the concentrations of the metabolite cotinine in infant urine correlated with the dose of nicotine ingested during the home visit. Expand
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Maternal smoking affected the magnitude and time-course of the HR response in a dose-dependent manner and both pulmonary reflexes and the type of the chemoreceptor stimulus seemed to influence HR. Expand
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