Nicotine from cigarette smoking increases circulating levels of cortisol, growth hormone, and prolactin in male chronic smokers

@article{Wilkins2004NicotineFC,
  title={Nicotine from cigarette smoking increases circulating levels of cortisol, growth hormone, and prolactin in male chronic smokers},
  author={Jeffery N. Wilkins and H. E. Carlson and Helen van Vunakis and Martin Hill and Ellen R. Gritz and Murray E. Jarvik},
  journal={Psychopharmacology},
  year={2004},
  volume={78},
  pages={305-308}
}
Results of this study indicate that nicotine from cigarette smoking increases circulating levels of cortisol, growth hormone, and prolactin in male chronic smokers. Previous studies have not addressed the question of whether the stimulus for smoking-related hormone release is the ‘stress’ of smoking or a pharmacologic action of nicotine and other tobacco substrates. Nicotine exposure is controlled in this study by allowing each subject to smoke only two 2.0 mg nicotine cigarettes during one… Expand
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