Nicotine and endogenous opioids: Neurochemical and pharmacological evidence

@article{Hadjiconstantinou2011NicotineAE,
  title={Nicotine and endogenous opioids: Neurochemical and pharmacological evidence},
  author={Maria Hadjiconstantinou and Norton H. Neff},
  journal={Neuropharmacology},
  year={2011},
  volume={60},
  pages={1209-1220}
}
Nicotine-induced changes of brain β-endorphin
Dopaminergic and cholinergic learning mechanisms in nicotine addiction
TLDR
This work focuses on the acquisition phase of smoking addiction and reviews animal model studies on how nicotine modifies dopaminergic and cholinergic signaling in key nodes of the reinforcement circuitry: ventral tegmental area, nucleus accumbens, amygdala, and hippocampus.
Chronic Nicotine Treatment Impacts the Regulation of Opioid and Non-opioid Peptides in the Rat Dorsal Striatum*
TLDR
Nicotine altered levels of nine non-opioid peptides derived from precursors, including somatostatin and cerebellin, which potentially modulate neurotransmitter release and energy metabolism and suggests that apart from the opioid peptides, several other peptidergic systems are involved in the preoccupation/craving phase of drug dependence.
On the Role of Cannabinoid CB1- and μ-Opioid Receptors in Motor Impulsivity
TLDR
Investigation of whether cannabinoid CB1 and/or μ-opioid receptors are involved in nicotine-induced impulsivity showed that the cannabinoidCB1 receptor antagonist SR141716A, but not the opioid receptor antagonist naloxone, reduced Nicotine-induced premature responding, indicating that nicotine- induced motor impulsivity is cannabinoid, butNot opioid receptor-dependent.
Neurophysiology of Nicotine Addiction.
TLDR
Two general neural systems are emerging as critical for the initiation and maintenance of tobacco use and particular nAChR subtypes have roles that contribute to the overall nicotine addiction process.
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