Nicotine and alcohol dependence in patients with comorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

@article{Ohlmeier2007NicotineAA,
  title={Nicotine and alcohol dependence in patients with comorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).},
  author={M. Ohlmeier and K. Peters and A. Kordon and J. Seifert and B. Wildt and B. Wiese and M. Ziegenbein and H. Emrich and U. Schneider},
  journal={Alcohol and alcoholism},
  year={2007},
  volume={42 6},
  pages={
          539-43
        }
}
AIMS Several studies have shown that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) represents a significant risk factor for the onset and development of an addiction. Thirty-five per cent of adult ADHD patients are known to be addicted to alcohol. Many ADHD patients also have an increased nicotine consumption, which typically, leads to an improvement of attention, ability to concentrate and control of impulses. There may be pathophysiological connections here. On the other hand, it can also… Expand
Comorbidity of alcohol and substance dependence with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
TLDR
It is revealed that habit-forming illnesses can be associated with a high comorbidity with ADHD, expressed in the form of alcohol abuse and also in consumption of illegal drugs. Expand
CLINICAL FEATURES COMORBIDITY OF ALCOHOL AND SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCE WITH ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER (ADHD)
Aims:Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is of great clinical importance not only because of its high preva- lence but also due to the frequent comorbid illnesses that are connected withExpand
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in a Group of Patients with Addictive Problems: Exploratory Study in France
High rates of childhood ADHD has been found among substance users, revealing an important role of ADHD in addictive disorders. Compared to non-hyperactive, people with ADHD reported higher rates ofExpand
Comorbidity of alcohol dependence with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and the role of executive dysfunctions
TLDR
The Attention-De icit/Hyperactivity Disorder is considered a hidden disorder where common diagnostic criteria are lacking, therefore adult patients who often arrive for consultation are more frequently diagnosed with ADHD in comorbidity than with ADHD itself. Expand
Alcohol and drug dependence in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Data from Germany
Background and Objectives: The objective of the present study was to obtain information about the prevalence of addiction disorders in ADHD patients in a German study population, to compare theExpand
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TLDR
A review of literature addressing prevalence, clinical features and treatment of the comorbidity between ADHD and CNS depressants was conducted, and results should be interpreted cautiously, because the samples are small. Expand
Comorbidity of Internet use disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Two adult case–control studies
TLDR
Support is found for the hypothesis that ADHD and IUD share psychopathological features and that ADHD symptoms were positively associated with media use times and symptoms of Internet addiction in both samples. Expand
The impact of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder across the lifespan on substance use disorders
Introduction Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects not only children, but persists into adulthood with a prevalence rate up to 4.4% in the general population. The associationExpand
Relationship between cigarette smoking and childhood symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity in alcohol-dependent adults without attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
BACKGROUND Symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity that fall below the DSM-IV diagnostic threshold for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be associated with the highExpand
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) as a risk factor for addictive behaviour in adulthood
ABSRACT This study points out the importance of diagnosing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in adult patients and, for that purpose, the necessity to diagnose the disorder duringExpand
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